Thailand is on a track to introduce blockchain-based e-voting through its NECTEC arm. The technology reportedly can be deployed in tandem with traditional voting as Thais become more technologically literate with 5G implementation, as told by The Bangkok Post.
“The plan is to have blockchain technology for e-voting that can be applied to national, provincial or community elections, as well as business votes such as the board of directors. The goal is to reduce fraud and maintain data integrity,” said Chalee Vorakulpipat, the head of the cybersecurity laboratory at NECTEC.
In making sure the system functions, it requires a controller, voters, and candidates. The controller is needed to verify voter identity and candidate qualification before the election, while the voters will be able to vote by email and must be verified using mobile camera.
The downside of this approach would be making sure each and every voter has access to a mobile internet connection and identity verification, something that would require quite a long time.
According to Vorakulpipat, blockchain voting could be useful for Thais living abroad to vote and verify their identities by going to an embassy or consulate.
NECTEC is a statutory government organization that operates under the purview of Thailand’s National Science and Technology Development Agency and the Ministry of Science and Technology. The organization promotes the development of computing, electronics, IT and telecommunications.
Other countries that have tested the blockchain voting in 2018 are United States during the federal mid-term elections for West Virginians in the armed services stationed overseas, as well as Switzerland in the city of Zug and Japan in Tsukuba.