On first glance, the story seemed to be one of an entrepreneur going rogue, whose behaviour ultimately forced the company's other directors to eject him from his role as CEO. But the drama did not end there — it escalated. The startup's VC investors launched a lawsuit against the CEO and subsequently applied to dissolve the company when it became apparent that there was no amicable resolution in sight. Or at least, that is what the plaintiff -- Singapore-based blockchain startup Otonomos, represented by the board Dymon Asia, Fenbushi Capital and Manogaran Thanabalan -- have claimed in their lawsuit and liquidation filing. Also Read: Blockchain-powered recruiting startup SpringRole not only weeds out fake profiles, but also rewards users Dymon and Fenbushi are also Otonomos' preference shareholders while Thanabalan is the company's current CEO (formally CTO). Otonomos's business was to provide company incorporation, corporate governance and shareholder governance solutions powered by smart contracts on the ethereum platform. According to legal documents obtained by e27, Han Verstraete, the director and erstwhile CEO of the company is accused of siphoning off company funds -- over US$410,000 -- for expenses that could not be accounted for as well as for personal use. The Otonomos board is accusing Verstraete of the following:
  • Withdrawing about US$13,000 cash from an ATM using the company's debit card (and not accounting for it).
  • Withdrawing about US$107,000 for unaccounted travel, hotel and entertainment expenses, with at least US$4,100 attributed to personal expenses.
  • Transferring funds from the company's bank account to his personal account, a majority of which he "falsely stated" as salary.
  • Transferring part of the fiat money gained during a sale of the company's crypto funds into his personal bank account.
  • Diverting company funds and resources to his other company, Peerfinds.com.
  • Spending US$120,000 of the company's funds to advertise on a Hong Kong-based yacht company, Mandrake III.
When Verstraete failed to make restitution for the unaccounted cash withdrawals or provide proper justification for these expenditures to the board -- as well as pay for his ordinary shares -- they terminated him from his post as CEO. Verstraete, however, remained on the Otonomos as a majority shareholder and director. He also had sole administrator access to the company's web domain. In the legal documents detailing the lawsuit, the board claimed that Verstraete continued to "unlawfully" interfere with Otonomos' business. Among the more severe allegations, they claimed that he:
  • Blocked access to Otonomos' domain, which led to employees not being able to access their emails.
  • Impersonating current CEO Thanabalan, by redirecting emails to his own account and interfering with an inbound client request.
  • Failed to transfer access of Otonomos' Coinbase account to the company.
  • Sowed discord among Otonomos' employees and shareholders by making false allegations via blog posts and emails.
In a statement to e27, Verstraete denounced all of the board's allegations as baseless. He said: "Allegations that I have taken money from the Company’s cryptocurrency account are spurious lies. Mano [Otonomos' current CEO] saw fit to make such baseless allegations to shareholders, employees and clients, even after these allegations were rebutted by Coinbase which confirmed that all cryptocurrency remains intact." "In the face of this evidence, Mano now explicitly admits in his latest email to clients informing them of Otonomos’ pending liquidation that I never held crypto belonging to the Company in [my] personal name," he said. "I have never transferred funds from Otonomos to any of my other companies...I have never impersonated the company’s CEO – there is no reason for me to [do so]." He further claimed that he was always "amendable" to negotiations with the board."The VCs were not even able to secure approval from their principals on the proposals they put before me and the other shareholders, scuttling any possibility of fruitful negotiations," he said. Regarding the accusations of using company funds for personal expenses, Verstraete said: "I have not used the company’s debit card for personal expenses – the debit card was in another employee’s possession when the errant transactions were made and the company has been made aware of this...the forensics of a court procedure would have made it plain for everybody to see that all allegations were fabricated and made with collateral motives." Also Read: Blockchain will force banks to change their feudal mindset Verstraete himself filled a counter lawsuit against Otonomos' board of directors: in which he alleged that they had acted in an "unlawful" way that resulted in losses for the company and its shareholders. In a blog post, he claimed Christiaan Kaptein of Dymon intended to buy the stakes of another shareholder, Startupbootcamp (SBC), at a lower value using confidential insider knowledge. He also claimed that Dymon had promised Otonomos' key staff more equity stakes if they "stayed loyal to the newly-installed regime" and that Thanabalan only agreed to take on the CEO position because he was promised more shares. Verstraete said Dymon's motive for doing so was so that they could acquire more shares in the company. Furthermore, he alleged that the Monetary Authority of Singapore (MAS) is now investigating Kaptein of Dymon for insider trading SBC has declined to comment and MAS said it "does not comment on dealings with specific parties."

Liquidation

In November, an extraordinary general meeting (EGM) was held in late November to work out a solution. The board and Verstraete had agreed to set pre-ground rules -- one of which was that past events would not be brought up -- and meet under the supervision of an independent third party. But according to the legal documents, Verstraete hijacked the meeting and began to make "spurious and false allegations" against the board, in the presence of other shareholders. Meanwhile, the company's staff, which numbered at about 35, had soldiered on despite the ongoing litigation. But the disruption of the business had adversely affected their moral and about half left the company by November. Also Read: Blockchain-powered recruiting startup SpringRole not only weeds out fake profiles, but also rewards users In the same period, Verstraete requested a stay in the lawsuits so both sides could negotiate a solution "without prejudices". But while the board agreed to adjourn their lawsuit, Verstraete backtracked on his promise, and instead sought arbitration. Verstraete's lawyers sent letters to the board's legal team, ordering them to abide by the original court timelines. This action resulted in Otonomos, which was already in the red, to bleed more funds; Verstraete's allegations against the board in his Medium posts also resulted in a lack of business [though a source, who spoke on the condition on anonymity, said it was the current CEO who stopped the orders] which exacerbated the company's debt. And as a result, Otonomos was unable to pay its employees in December or pay off outstanding invoices. This was despite Otonomos having money in its Coinbase cryptofund, the legal documents stated. The board could not cash out the funds because Verstraete still had control over its access and refused to give it up. Because of the mounting debt and impasse in negotiations, the board then decided to file to dissolve the Otonomos last week. In another Medium post published after the filing, Verstraete once again hit out at the board, claiming that -- again -- the board acted without proper notice or authorisation. Verstraete alleged that the company's board of directors had "unilaterally" filed the application without the majority of the shareholders; Verstraete said he was only made aware of the application through his lawyers, who had conducted a court search. Otonomos' clients were also not privy to the liquidation filing; Verstraete said many of them reached out to him to inquire about the company's radio silence. Verstraete alleged that although he was no longer listed as a director, he was asked to co-sign a director's authorisation with interim CEO Manogaran Thanabalan to liquidate the company. In order to do so, however, Verstraete's lawyers advised them that 75 per cent of the company's shareholders had to approve the process via a special shareholder's resolution. Verstraete claimed the board of directors had disregarded this resolution and went ahead to file the liquidation application anyway. Such an act would be a breach of law, but Verstraete said the dissolution of the company would make it difficult for parties to build a credible court case against the board -- unless there were witnesses. Verstraete claimed there are at least two witnesses involved with Dymon's portfolio companies who would be willing to testify, but he provided no further details. -- Image Credit: Otonomos