When it comes to its potential as a market for internet-based services, the numbers seem to bear great promise for the Indonesian market. Internet users in the country had exceeded 100 million users, with over 326 million mobile subscribers — or roughly 126 per cent of its population.
But Indonesia remains a challenging market for the fintech industry to grow with only 36 per cent of adults in the country having an account at formal financial institutions. The consumer behaviour also reflected this challenge: 44 per cent of people would rather borrow money from friends and relatives (instead of financial institutions), and only nine per cent use credit cards for payments.
In November 2016, the Indonesian government, through the Central Bank, had launched Regulation on Payments Transaction Processing to provide legal assurance for new and existing payments business activities. It has also created a Fintech Office, whose work also includes capacity building and regulatory sandbox implementation.
So how did the fintech sector fare in Indonesia in 2016?
DailySocial is working together with Indonesian Fintech Association (IFA) to publish a report on the state of fintech in the country throughout the year. The report focuses on non-bank and non-telco fintech companies, and it also includes a survey and analysis on consumer awareness.
The following are key learnings from the report for you.
A glimpse of the market
Indonesia has entered the ‘Fintech 3.0’ stage, wherein innovation is championed by startups instead of financial institutions as in ‘Fintech 2.0’ stage, or a joint venture of financial institutions and tech companies in ‘Fintech 2.5’.
The number of fintech startups in the country experienced drastic increase between 2014 to 2015, when it grew for 78 per cent from the 2013 to 2014 rate of just nine per cent.
IFA noted that by November 2016, there were around 135 to 140 players with 55 registered as full-time members of the association.
As shown in the graphic, the payments sector was the most popular, following the growth of e-commerce sector in the country.
In 2016 alone, the total disclosed funding reached IDR486 billion (US$36 million), which includes IPO and investment from parent company outside of the country.
The consumer awareness survey involved 1,000 respondents, with 43.34 per cent between 20 to 25 years old. More than 80 per cent of respondents reside in Java, Indonesia’s most populated island, which affects the number of respondents who have access to bank accounts (86.93 per cent).
Among these respondents, fintech remains a foreign concept with only 28.34 per cent claiming to have heard the term before. Even among those who are familiar with it, only 18.46 per cent are using a form of fintech service.
For those using fintech services, the majority (81.08 per cent) are using services provided by a bank.
As shown in the graphic above, among existing non-bank fintech services, Doku maintained its staying power as the most popular service at a whooping 42.86 per cent.
Despite the disheartening numbers, 74.47 per cent of respondents believe that fintech can help push for better financial literacy and financial inclusion in the country.
In order for the sector to grow, there are several challenges that players need to solve, which are being divided into four categories based on a recent Deloitte report:
- Clearer regulation
- More collaboration
- Lack of talent
- Financial literacy
Regarding talent, the report highlighted that companies at different stages have different needs for talent. Younger companies (less than two years old) have greater needs for Data and Analytics talents (83 per cent), while older companies (more than four years old) need more Risk Management talents (90 per cent).
Image Credit: BDS / 123RF Stock Photo